There are four types of bacteria that cause Lyme disease. Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii in the United States, and Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii in Europe and Asia. Lyme disease, the most prevalent tick-borne infection in these parts, is spread by the bite of an infected black-legged tick, sometimes known as a deer tick.
If you reside or spend time in grassy or densely forested regions where ticks carrying Lyme disease flourish, you’re more likely to get the condition. In tick-infested locations, it’s critical to use common-sense measures.
Early Signs and Symptoms Lyme Disease
A little, red lump that looks like a mosquito bite typically forms at the site of a tick bite or tick removal and goes away in a few days. This is indeed a normal sight, but it really doesn’t necessarily indicate that you have that infectious Lyme disease.
These signs and symptoms Lyme Disease, however, might appear as soon as a month after you’ve been infected:
- An increasing red patch that occasionally clears in the middle, producing a bull’s-eye pattern, may emerge three to 30 days following an infected tick bite. The rash (erythema migrans) spreads slowly over several days and can reach a diameter of 12 inches (30 cm). Even though it may feel slightly warm, it is rarely irritating or annoying. The rash Erythema migrans is one of the characteristics of Lyme disease, albeit it does not appear in everyone who has the infection. Sometimes in people, the rashes may occur on more than one portion.
- In other signs of Lyme Disease, the rash may be accompanied by fever, chills, weariness, body pains, headache, neck stiffness, and enlarged lymph nodes.
How In Children, Signs of Lyme Disease Can Appear?
Lyme Disease Symptoms in a child are similar to those in adults.
They frequently have the following experiences:
- Other flu-like symptoms include weariness, joint and muscle discomfort, and fever.
- These symptoms might appear immediately following an infection or months or years later.
You can also notice that your youngster is displaying certain psychological symptoms of Lyme disease. Some parents observed the following psychological difficulties in their kid with Lyme disease, according to a 2019 review by Trusted Source:
- Aggression or rage
- Mood swings
Whenever your children are behaving oddly and you don’t know why or how they’re experiencing it, you should consult with their doctor, since these changes might indicate a variety of illnesses, including Lyme disease.
How It Can Be Diagnosed After The Emergence of Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme disease is diagnosed by reviewing your medical history, which includes searching for tick bites or living in an endemic location.
A physical exam will be performed by a doctor or other healthcare practitioner to check for the presence of a rash or other Lyme disease symptoms.
Screening even during the early stages of a confined infection is not advised.
When antigens are detectable, blood tests are indeed effective just several weeks after the very first infection. The following tests may be ordered by a medical professional:
- Antibodies to B. burgdorferi are detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent test (ELISA).
- A positive ELISA test is confirmed using a Western blot. It looks for antibodies against certain B. burgdorferi proteins.
- People with chronic Lyme arthritis or nervous system symptoms are evaluated using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) Trusted Source. The procedure is carried out on joint fluid or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Because of its limited sensitivity, PCR testing on CSF for Lyme disease diagnosis is not usually suggested. A negative test does not rule out the possibility of the diagnosis. When joint fluid is examined before antibiotic medication, however, the majority of patients will have positive PCR findings.